A: Study this example situation:

Divid is a bus driver, but now hi is in bed asleep.
Hi is not driving a bus. (He is asleep.)
but He drives a bus. (He is a bus driver.)
Dirve(s)/work(s)/do(es) etc. is the present simple:

  • Nuses look after patients in hospitals.
  • I usually go away at weekends.
  • The earth goes round the sun.
  • The cafeopens at 7.30 in the morning.
Remember : 
   I work ... but He works ... 
   They teach ... but My syster teaches ...

B : We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:
  do I/we/you/they work?
  does he/she/it do?
  I/we/you/they don't work
  he/she/it doesn't work
  • I come from Canada. Where do you come from?

  • I don't go away very often.

  • What does this word mean? (not What means this word?)

  • Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.

  • I get up at 8 o'clock every morning.

  • How often do you go to the dentist?

  • David doesn't drink coffee very often.

  • David usually goes away two or three times a year.

Sometimes we do things by saying something. For example,
when you promise to do something, you can say 'I promise ...';
you can say 'I suggest ...';

  • I promise I won't be late. (not I'm promising)
  • 'What do you suggest I do?' 'I suggest that you'
    In the same way we say :
  • I apologise / I advise / I insist / I agree / I refuse

Exercises

1. Complete the sentences using the following

  cause(s)  connect(s)  drink(s)  live(s) open(s)  speak(s)  take(s)
  1. Oscar __________ German very well.
  2. I don't often __________ coffee.
  3. The swimming pool ________________ at 7.30 every morning.
  4. Bad driving __________ many accidents.
  5. My parents __________ in a very small flat.
  6. The Olympic Games __________ place every four years.
  7. The Panama Canal __________ the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

2. Put the verb into the correct form.

  1. Miguel __________ (not/ drink) tea very often.
  2. What time ____________________ (the banks / close) here?
  3. I've got a computer, but I _______________ (not / use)it much.
  4. Where ____________________ (Oscar / come) from? He's Scottish.
  5. What ____________________ (you / do)? Im an electrician.
  6. It ____________________ (take) me an hour to get to work. How long ____________________ (it / take) you?
  7. Look at this sentence. What ____________________ (this word / mean)?
  8. David isn't very fit. He ____________________ (not / do) any sport.

3. Use the following verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes you need the negative :

   believe  eat  flow  go  grow  make  rise  tell  translate
  1. The earth __________ round the sun.
  2. Rice ____________________ in Britain.
  3. The sun __________ in the east.
  4. Bees ____________________ honey.
  5. Vegetarians ____________________ meat.
  6. An atheist ____________________ in God.
  7. An interpreter __________ from one language into another.
  8. Liars are people who __________ the truth.
  9. The River Amazon __________ into the Atlantic Ocean.

4. You ask Olivia questions about herself and her family. Write the questions.

  1. You know that Olivia plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    How often __________________________________________________?
  2. Perhaps Olivia's sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask David.
    ____________________ your sister ______________________________?
  3. You know that Olivia reads a newspaper every day. You want to know which one. Ask him.
    ____________________________________________________________?
  4. You know that Olivia's brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Oscar.
    ____________________________________________________________?
  5. You know that Olivia goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her.
    ____________________________________________________________?
  6. You don't know where Olivia's grandparents live. You want to know. Ask Olivia.
    ____________________________________________________________?

5. Complete using the following:

   I apologize    I insist    I promise    I recommend    I suggest
  1. It's a nice day. __________ we go out for a walk.
  2. I won't tell anybody what you said. ____________________.
  3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. ____________________.
  4. ____________________ for what I did. It won't happen again.
  5. The new restaurant in Hill street is very good. ____________________ it.